MUSEO FERROVIARIO DE OVALLE

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Objetivo de la Iniciativa
Poner en valor el Patrimonio Ferroviario a través  del rescate de  un importante periodo de la historia de Ovalle: La época de ferrocarriles, la maestranza y su relevancia histórica  en el desarrollo económico, social y cultural de la comuna.
¿En qué consiste el Museo Ferroviario?
Como parte de las políticas culturales de la Ilustre Municipalidad de Ovalle, se encuentra  el rescate del Patrimonio cultural de la comuna ya sea material e inmaterial. Es por esto que junto al Círculo de Ex Ferroviarios se ha gestado  la puesta en valor del Patrimonio Ferroviario  a través de la restauración  de un vagón de ferrocarriles para su implementación como Museo. Dicho coche, se encuentra   en la entrada principal de la Feria Modelo, antigua Maestranza de Ovalle, en una plaza reconstruida y ambientada como una estación de ferrocarril para el deleite y encuentro ciudadano.
Características e Historia del Carro
El vagón fue construido aproximadamente  en la primera década del 1900, donde se estima fue el auge ferroviario en nuestro país. Dado el material del coche, se deduce que fue construido en Chile, principalmente por  su cielo de Raulí y otros elementos  que lo constituyen, que son de Pino Oregón. Corresponde además a un coche combinado,  por su  doble función de transporte de pasajeros de primera clase y el traslado de correo, teniendo en su interior una oficina exclusiva para esta tarea. Esto queda de manifiesto en las siglas existentes en el exterior del coche: de esta forma la  “I” lo define  como un coche de primera clase, mientras que la “W”, da cuenta de su carácter de transporte de correo.
Las medidas del vagón son: 13 metros de largo, 2.70 de ancho y 2.70 de alto, mientras que su peso es de 8.9 toneladas.
El último uso que se le dio fue de transporte de los funcionarios de la maestranza, recorriendo el trayecto entre la Plaza de Armas y la maestranza.

Proceso de Restauración

El proceso de restauración, estuvo en manos de un extenso equipo profesional, quienes dentro del periodo de un año, han logrado un trabajo de calidad  para los visitantes del Museo. Dicho proceso se compuso de diversas etapas, las que se detallan a continuación:
1.    Dentro de las primeras faenas del proyecto  se  realizó el traslado  del coche hasta la ex Maestranza, donde se definió  que éste corresponde a un carro de tipo combinado entre coche para pasajeros de primera clase y  correo de equipaje.
2.    Proceso de limpieza y desmontado de piezas en mal estado
3.    Alzaprimado del techo y desmontado de vigas. Construcción de varias vigas del techo reforzadas con acero.
4.    Construcción de pilares dañados y partes estructurales de las paredes
5.    Colocación de maderas del forro interior y correderas de ventanas. Aplicación de membrana asfáltica como cobertura del techo
6.    Pintado de paredes tanto interiores como exteriores según catálogo ferroviario. Reparación de balcones y pasamanos exteriores
7.    Armado y reparación de boguies (conjunto de ruedas). Levante del coche y colocación de boguies sobre rieles.
8.    Colocación de puertas, ventanas y vidrios.
9.    Pulido y vitrificado de piso. Pintado de letras y números del coche. En este proceso  se ha buscado conservar todo lo que tuvo el coche, en lo que respecta a sus maderas originales. El grado de intervención en todas sus etapas ha sido mínimo,  para que la lectura del vagón  siga siendo la misma  que tenía en la época  que estuvo operativo.
Desarrollo Turístico y Cultural
Además de ser un espacio de rescate de la historia de la comuna, el Museo ferroviario de Ovalle se consolida como un polo de desarrollo turístico - cultural, dada sus características patrimoniales,  así como también  un  espacio ciudadano abierto para personas y organizaciones de la comuna. Así es como la historia ferroviaria de Ovalle se perpetúa en el tiempo.
Proyecto ejecutado por el Centro de Extensión de la Cultura y las Artes, C.E.CA de la I. Municipalidad de Ovalle
Financiado por el Gobierno Regional de Coquimbo a través de Fondo   Bicentenario.
Danilo Segovia, Arquitecto Jefe del Proyecto.
Ladislao Monasterio, restauración de vagón ferroviario.
Apoyo en construcción histórica, Círculo de ex Ferroviario Jubilados de Ovalle

 

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Comentarios

hola saludos . muy interesante la historia ferroviaria de Ovalle  y quisiera poder visitar el museo yo soy de serena y me gustaria saber los horarios  y dias de visita . Muchas Gracias

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